Recommended reading: Religious Literacy

I began last week suggesting literary nonfiction titles that teachers might find useful to have  of teens and adults read in various courses. Today’s recommendation, however, is a book for educators.

Stephen Prothero’s Religious Literacy: What Every American Needs to Know—and Doesn’t is literary nonfiction aimed primarily at the education community, broadly interpreted to include not only public-school teachers and administrators but also school boards, college administrators, and legislators at the state and federal levels.

Prothero discusses the extent of Americans’ ignorance of religions (including their own) as a civic problem. Ignorance of The King James Bible, for example, renders students incapable of understanding allusions found in virtually every type of fiction and nonfiction.

Prothero argues that religious illiteracy is not only handicapping but downright dangerous. America’s foreign policy is being set by people who have little understanding of the pivotal role religion plays in other cultures’ attitudes and actions, he says.

He contends that Americans cannot confront the challenges facing the nation today—domestic as well as foreign— without an understanding of the role of religion in American and world history.

Prothero refutes popular misconceptions about what legally can and cannot be taught in public schools, and tackles the issue of whether a student can refuse to participate in the pledge of allegiance.

The book includes an 85-page “Dictionary of Religious Literacy” and a religious literacy quiz with answers.

Religious Literacy: What Every American Needs to Know—and Doesn’t by Stephen Prothero (Harper One. ©2007. 296 p.)