If you’ve been out of the universe for a while, you may have missed the cries for students to be “college and career ready.”
Since writing and teaching writing are particular interests of mine, I’ve been checking out a few scholarly reports about where writing fits into getting students ready for life beyond high school.
Two themes stood out to me: The reports assume that (1) college attendance is required for entrance into the world of work and (2) the world of work means offices occupied by salaried professionals.
College is an assumed prerequisite
Here are four excerpts from the opening pages of reports issued between 2003 and 2013.
The Neglected “R” (subtitled The Need for a Writing Revolution), published by the College Board in April 2003, says:
More than 90 percent of midcareer professionals recently cited the “need to write effectively” as a skill “of great importance” in their day-to-day
work. The world in general, and advanced societies in particular, now demonstrates a nearly voracious appetite for highly educated people. (Underscores added.)
Writing: A Ticket to Work…Or a Ticket Out published by the College Board in September 2004, had these observations:
A survey of 120 major American corporations employing nearly 8 million people concludes that in today’s workplace writing is a “threshold skill” for hiring and promotion among salaried (i.e., professional) employees. Survey results indicate that writing is a ticket to professional opportunity, while poorly written job applications are a ﬁgurative kiss of death.
Writing is a “threshold skill” for both employment and promotion, particularly for salaried employees. Half the responding companies report that they take writing into consideration when hiring professional employees. (Underscores added.)
The Framework for Success in Postsecondary Writing developed by Council of Writing Program Administrators, National Council of Teachers of English and the National Writing Project, published January 2011, says:
This Framework describes the rhetorical and twenty-first-century skills as well as habits of mind and experiences that are critical for college success. (Underscore added.)
What Does It Really Mean to be College and Work Ready? an NCEE English report, published in May 2013:
… addresses a simple question: what kind and level of literacy is required of a high school graduate if that student is going to have a good chance of succeeding in the first year of a typical community college program? (Underscores added.)
Suppose the assumptions are wrong?
Suppose college isn’t the only gateway into the workplace.
Suppose there are good-paying jobs outside of offices.
Suppose high schools turned out graduates with skills necessary for entry-level jobs in businesses in their areas.
Suppose MOOCs and coding academies and apprenticeships allow students to go from high school to good-paying jobs.
Suppose Makerspaces allow inventive, entrepreneurial students places to become business owners.
If those and other alternatives to college-going (other than unemployment) were widely available, what then?
Would how we teach writing change?
When I realized the majority of my college students either didn’t want to be in college or shouldn’t have been there, I changed how I taught freshman composition.
What’s been your experience?