Literacy = reading and writing, right?
But suppose we broadened the skills that we include under the literacy umbrella to include speaking, listening, and thinking.
Then we’d have a suite of skills that people use to learn complex material.
Broadening the definition of literacy is where Mark A. Forget begins teaching any subject, from the humanities to vocational courses.
An expanded definition of literacy facilitates teaching in the content areas using both reading and writing.
Skill acquisition during content learning
Forget (pronounced forzháy) stumbled over some good ideas that he later built on, drawing on research into how people learn.
Forget flips the classroom, using the class time for reading text material that typically is assigned for homework and giving as homework activities that encourage higher order thinking about that same content.
Forget uses textbooks the school provides as the reading material. Students acquire reading skills in the process of reading those texts strategically and collaboratively discussing their reading, defending their interpretation of it by reference to specific passages in the text.
Forget teaches strategies that students can use for the rest of their lives.
Forget varies activities to prevent boredom. He has about two dozen activities that he picks from to accomplish specific objectives, such as learning to preview text, for example. Having those choices lets him insert some variety into the classes without changing his overall procedure.
Forget uses in-class writing every day. Usually the writing is informal (i.e, ungraded), a tool to help students “generate ideas, become engaged through concrete commitment, clarify their own thinking, or otherwise organize ideas in useful and meaningful ways,” Forget says.
MAX teaching strategies
After testing the procedures for years in a variety of school settings and in many different disciplines, Forget wrote Max Teaching with Reading and Writing: Classroom Activities for Helping Students Learn New Subject Matter While Acquiring Literacy Skills¹. The “MAX” in Max Teaching stands for Motivation, Acquisition (learning that happens without instruction), and eXtension.
Forget does for reading what I attempt to do with writing: Use it as a tool for teaching content and developing the skills Forget includes under the literacy umbrella: reading, writing, speaking, listening, thinking.
What makes Forget’s method brilliant is less his originality than his consistency: He figured out how to teach so that students learn subject matter content and acquire literacy skills—reading, writing, speaking, listening, and thinking—and he stuck to doing that class after class, week after week.
I don’t recall who recommended the book to me, but I wish I did so I could thank him or her. If my colleagues in other disciplines used Forget’s methods, teaching writing to their students would be a piece of cake.
I’m sure I’ll be writing more about Forget’s ideas as I work through the rest of the book.
¹ I got my copy of Max Teaching with Reading and Writing through an independent bookseller at Alibris.com